Hold back position

when behind larger vehicles such as buses Used for the point at which you wait when giving priority to an oncoming vehicle, meeting.

Holding Point

The point at which the clutch plates will hold the car still on an uphill slope for example (often referred to as biting point)


Internal. The opposite to extrinsic, these are internal influences, such as the state of the pupil's health, anxiety, fear and so on.


Introduction, Cockpit-drill, Recap, Objective, Main points, practice, Summary. This is a good way of remembering the lesson structure

Feedback to the brain from the muscles and limbs For example: the pupil's ability to feel the take-up point, or biting point, of the clutch during a hill start.


Keep it short (and) simple


Look, Assess, Decide & Act. This is how you break down the 'look' part of the MSPSL routine.


A change of behavior and our understanding. The ultimate aim of teaching and the final link in the teaching process.

Learning plateau

A temporary lull in the learning process In the initial stages a pupils' progress can be rapid. However, at a certain point, a level will be reached where progress is slowed or even halted, before suddenly improving again. This is quite normal and to be expected. For the instructor, it is the point at which you may need to change the way you present a subject, maybe more than once, to make sure that the pupil does not lose confidence in themselves or in you.


Periods of educational training. These must be structured, progress from what is known to what is unknown, have a clearly defined objective, and be tailored to suit the individual.


Look Over, Under & Through the windows of stationary vehicles to check for pedestrians etc.


Mirror, Signal, maneuver - One of the most important routines a driver must use. 


Mirrors, Signal, Position, Speed & Look. Used to help remember the routine for approaching hazards and junctions.

Jargon buster 7